AICRP - Pearl Millet
AICRP on Pearl Millet (Formerly -All India Coordinated Pearl Millet Improvement Project - AICPMIP) administered by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). AICRP on Pearl Millet is one of 61 coordinated projects working under the aegis of ICAR. Project Coordinating Unit of AICRP on Pearl Millet is based at Jodhpur. The AICPMIP has 13 AICRP centres, 18 cooperating centres in public sector and more than 30 partners in private sector. The centers are under the administrative control of respective SAUs or institutes.
- 1. Plan and execute applied and adaptive research of different centers so as to improve pearl millet productivity
- 2. Strengthen research facilities and programmes on drought tolerance in relation to development of restorers, male-sterile lines, hybrids and populations
- 3. Develop efficient production strategy involving response to low inputs, cropping systems, unconventional areas (summer season), and contingency planning
- 4. Strengthen research on downy mildew disease management – basic studies on the causal organism, disease resistance breeding and disease management
- 5. Strengthen research on value addition to the crop to increase income of the farmers
- 6. Collect, introduce, evaluate and distribute the important germplasm to the cooperating centers
AICRP - Pearl millet centres
- Jodhpur (Rajasthan)
- Jaipur (Rajasthan)
- Aurangabad (Maharashtra)
- Jamnagar (Gujarat)
- Aligarh (Kalai) (Uttar Pradesh)
- Hisar (Haryana)
- Bijapur( Karnataka)
- Mysore (Karnataka)
- Anantapur (Andhra Pradesh)
- Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)
- Gwalior (MP)
- Ludhiana (Punjab)
- Bikaner (Rajasthan)
- Dhule (Maharashtra)
- A total of 25 high yielding and disease resistant hybrids were released for different ecologies. The hybrids are in different range of maturity for their adaptation in various production environments.
- Among them 6 are for A1 zone, 12 for zone A, 6 for B zone and 3 for summer cultivation.
- In addition, 4 composite varieties have also been released.
- A very diverse range of material has been utilized in the development of composite and hybrid parental lines.
- A total of 47 new male-sterile developed at AICRP on Pearl Millet centres and are being used in development of new hybrids.
- Alternative sources of CMS have been used in male-sterile development. Eighteen lines have been bred in A4, A5 and Av CMS system.
- A very large number of restorer lines developed for their utilization in hybrid breeding.
- On an average 150 new experimental cultivars have been evaluated each year in coordinated trials.
- More than 1000 accessions screened against diseases (downy mildew, blast, rust, smut and ergot) and insect-pests (shoot fly, stem borer, white grubs, earhead worms and grey weevil) and resistant cultivars, accessions, parental lines and germplasm identified with multiple resistance to diseases and insect-pests.
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